Who dreams with you? site web


Who dreams with you? Flou d'duser



Qui rêve avec vous?







Idées rafinées

1) Version "passive"
- écran dans un centre culturel; fond ambiant; cadre d'un autre quartier de la ville
- quand quelqu'un s'approche à l'écran, quelqu'un entre dans le cadre
-regard intense de 10s
-parole: "Je m'appelle ___ . Je rêve de ___ ."
-sortie, entrée d'une nouvelle personne, nouvelle parole, répète.
-quand les spectateurs partent l'écran revient ambiant


2) Version "moyenne"
- écran dans un centre culturel; fond ambiant; cadre d'un autre quartier de la ville
- quand quelqu'un s'approche à l'écran, une question se pose: À quoi rêvez-vous?
- réponse: le rêve écrit, catégorization du rêve, tagger le rêve
- Des résultats/matches s'affichent: qui à Paris partage un peu près votre rêve?
- choisir un match & déroulement du rêve:
      -regard intense de 10s
      -parole: "Je m'appelle ___ . Je rêve de ___ ."
- dialogue:
      - continuer à explorer?
      - explorer les matches d'autres villes
      - terminer
-quand les spectateurs partent l'écran revient ambiant


3) Version directe A
- 1e partie: pareille à nº 2
- par rapport à la dialogue: une question se pose:
      - "est-ce que vous savez ce qu'ils sont les préjugés implicits?"
      - explication des préjugés; épreuver comment ils sont réels
- appel à l'action : aller vers les gens différents que vous


4) Version directe B
- écran dans un centre culturel; fond ambiant; cadre d'un autre quartier de la ville
- quand quelqu'un s'approche à l'écran, une question se pose: Est-ce que vous savez ce qu'ils sont les préjugés implicits?
      - explication, des supports factuels
- "On n'est pas si différent que ça"
- input: le rêve avec catégorization, etc
- output: des "matches" comme v. 2
- appel à l'action : aller vers les gens différents que vous car ils ne sont pas si différents que ça

La solution: les permières idées

Approche scientifique

  1.  introduction, expliquation des préjugés implicits
  2. test des préjugés implicits
  3. expérience qui "défait" les préjugés
  4. aller plus loin; comment défaire les préjugés tous les jours?



  1. Quiz sur la diversité
  2. des questions et des réponses qui défont les préjugés


Rencontrer votre voisin

  1. input: votre quartier
  2. output: vidéo personelle qui montre la vie d'une famille de minorité du quartier
    1. Leur histoire répond aux malconnaissances/préjugés
  3. output: des faites et des datas qui montrent la diversité du quartier et répondent aux malconnaissances


Have a conversation

  1. personnes entrainés pour représenter les minorités parlent au public à propos de leurs vies
  2. controlé, médié
  3. inciter le dialogue


Partager les rêves

  1. Je m'appelle ____ et je rêve de _____.
  2. Catagorisation des rêves (tags, catégories)
  3. Voir qui a des rêves similairs à la tienne


Pays que je connais pas

  1. choisir un pays qu'on connait pas sur une carte
  2. output: vidéo des gens divers qui sont du pays, montrer les petits détailles intimes de leurs vies


Qui sont les ___?

  1. à partir de la curiosité
  2. "qui sont les syrians?"
  3. vidéos des gens qui habitent à Paris, montrer les petits détailles intimes de leurs vies


Public à public

  1. Prise des vidéos aux sites d'installation
  2. comme "city within a city," choisir une ville et le voir dérouler devant vous
  3. regard intense, 30s
  4. petit parole (pensée intime)
  5. Puis le voyeur peut prendre une vidéo à son site


Chanson préférée

  1. input: filmer des vidéos courtes des gens chanter leurs chansons préférées
  2. output: 30s regard, puis la chanson


Rencontrer un réfugié

  1. input: interview av. les réfugés, focalisé sur la diversité et l'individualisation
  2. output: vidéo loop en public


D'où vient la couleur de ma peaux?

  1. input: photo prise à la site pour évaluer la couleur de peaux
  2. input: arbre de la famille/origines connues
  3. output: une histoir brève de la migration de ses origines + la sience de la couleur de peaux
  4. output: portrait de la constitution historique/coloré de la ville (explorer les autres gens et leurs histoires)
    1. input en ligne aussi et au site?
    2. recherches sur la constitution génétique de la ville?


Faut considérer:

  • niveau d'intéraction? passif/moyen/très interacitf?
  • récit vs. données/faits?
  • direct ou subtil?

Comment définir les démographiques et les préjugés?

Comment cibler les minorités?

Face à face: experience intime, regarder autre aux yeux



L'effet de découvrir ses origines (défaire les préjugés):


Les préjugés comptent:

Les préjugés ont un effet sur la vie des minorités:

« These kinds of methods have been used in a variety of research, especially in the last 20 years. Here are just some of the general findings:

■ When doctors were shown patient histories and asked to make judgments about heart disease, they were much less likely to recommend cardiac catheterization (a helpful procedure) to black patients — even when their medical files were statistically identical to those of white patients.

■ When whites and blacks were sent to bargain for a used car, blacks were offered initial prices roughly $700 higher, and they received far smaller concessions.

■ Several studies found that sending emails with stereotypically black names in response to apartment-rental ads on Craigslist elicited fewer responses than sending ones with white names. A regularly repeated studyby the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development sent African-Americans and whites to look at apartments and found that African-Americans were shown fewer apartments to rent and houses for sale.

■ White state legislators were found to be less likely to respond to constituents with African-American names. This was true of legislators in both political parties.

Emails sent to faculty members at universities, asking to talk about research opportunities, were more likely to get a reply if a stereotypically white name was used.

■ Even eBay auctions were not immune. When iPods were auctioned on eBay, researchers randomly varied the skin color on the hand holding the iPod. A white hand holding the iPod received 21 percent more offers than a black hand.

The criminal justice system — the focus of current debates — is harder to examine this way. One study, though, found a clever method. The pools of people from which jurors are chosen are effectively random. Analyzing this natural experiment revealed that an all-white jury was 16 percentage points more likely to convict a black defendant than a white one, but when a jury had one black member, it convicted both at the same rate. »


How can Europe better integrate immigrants?

How can Europe better integrate immigrants?


—When immigrants come to France they should adopt French culture.

—Well, this is a very French debate, and I would really encourage Paulo to think more widely on this one. There is still a residual idea in France that the way to deal with diversity is simply not to recognise its existence, and just to say everyone is a ‘citoyen’ the same as any other, and everyone must subscribe to the values of the république, period.

A better way to approach the question of diversity than assimilation has been the notion of interculturalism, which the Council of Europe has developed over the last decade or so. I’ve been one of the people working with the Council of Europe on this paradigm, and the emphasis is on managing diversity in a way that recognises it as a two-way street.

A better way to describe it than Paulo is the way Jürgen Habermas does; that is to say that it is perfectly reasonable for members of minority communities to make special claims, but they must do so in universal language that anybody else can understand and argue with or debate. In that context, I think it is possible to deal with France’s problems of diversity within society, and obviously you’ll be aware of those problems expressed in the banlieues and the riots ten years ago. So, I think that there is a need to go beyond the narrow French debate and to draw language from elsewhere in Europe to find better solutions.




Defaire les préjugés raciales

Comment combattre:

« We need to make a real commitment to try to overcome our racial stereotypes.
This can be achieved by first acknowledging that we’re human and that we do harbor racial stereotypes.

We should work to become more aware of our inner thoughts and feelings and how they affect our beliefs and actions.

When we have a stereotypical thought about a racial group, we should follow it up with an alternative thought based on factual information that discounts the stereotype.

We can obtain this factual information by leaving our comfort zones and exposing ourselves to people of different races.

We should be willing to engage in honest dialogue with others about race that at times might be difficult, risky, and uncomfortable.

We should also seek out media portrayals of different races that are realistic and positive.

Attending churches, plays, concerts, and movies that celebrate diversity will also broaden our worldview.

As we gain more awareness and knowledge about racial groups, not only will our racial stereotypes lessen, but we will also become better equipped to educate and challenge others about their racial stereotypes. As we change ourselves, we can elicit changes in others through our examples and the quality of our conversations. In doing this, we work to create a society in which all races are valued, appreciated, and embraced. »


« That “shooter bias” research found during computer simulations, some officers were initially more likely to mistakenly shoot unarmed black suspects than unarmed white suspects.

But Cook says the researchers also found with extensive training, officers were able to eliminate the bias. It can be reversed once it’s recognized. »



« Thus, the positive correlation between perceptual training and reduction in implicit social bias is not due to simple exposure to African American faces, nor a result of repeating either the ORE or ALPS tasks. Put succinctly, as Caucasian observers become better able to individuate African American faces, their implicit racial biases are reduced. »

« It is worth noting that we are not claiming these training effects can account for the multitude of factors contributing to implicit racial biases; instead, we are focusing on the possible contributions one factor – perceptual biases. »


Implicit indication test: 


  1. Apprender aux gens de distinguer les individus d'une race
    1. = les humanizer
  2. Refuter les préjugés; montrer des contre-exemples
    1. = les humanizer
  3. Aller vers les gens minorités. Créer relations véritables et profonds avec eux.
    1. = les humanizer

« One study found subjects were about 30 percent more likely to shoot an unarmed black person than an unarmed white person.

“When we’ve used eye tracking in that task, what we find is that the eyes always go to the person’s face first and then tracks down to see what’s in their hand,” explained Amodio.

Basically, they see the person’s color first, then may make a biased decision. “It’s

automatic,” Amodio said. “It happens within 1 or 200 milliseconds.”

He told CBS News that he has tested the strategy of training subjects to not  automatically look at a person’s face. “We found that it’s effective in reducing bias in shooting.”

In the lab, focusing on the object rather than the race reduces the mistaken shooting of unarmed blacks by as much as 45 percent. »



Audrey Hamilton: How do people work on getting rid of these biases if they don’t know they’re biased? 

John Dovidio: That’s the biggest challenge because most of us are really well practiced at convincing ourselves that we’re not prejudiced. So, most of us want to be good people. Prejudice is bad and when we think about it, we always do the right thing. 

One of the consequences of aversive racism or unconscious bias is that you don’t discriminate in a situation where what’s right and wrong are clearly defined because you know what you’re supposed to do when you do it. But it usually happens when you can justify a response on the basis of some factor other than race. So, there may be like two people that you are interviewing – one white and one black – and you shift your criteria for the job in a way that actually favors the white person without actually directly discriminating against it. 

So the problem is every time we look at our behavior and monitor our behavior, we behave in an egalitarian way. And it’s only when we’re not paying attention that we discriminate. So to your question, what we have to do is probably – if something’s unconscious, you don’t know you have it. It’s that simple. So you can’t think about what you’re really feeling. What you have to do is assume you probably have these biases if you’re an average American. 

And then what you have to do is try to control those biases in the way you behave towards people. You often have to acknowledge you may have these biases. So, it’s an ongoing battle because you can’t really get rid of these. They’re like having habits of mind that you’ve grown up with. And so you just have to work at being always alert, always conscious and always receptive to the possibility that we might be biased. 

Audrey Hamilton: I hear a lot about when you’re eliminating these biases, a lot of it is just about having conversations about race in general. Maybe with people who are not your racial or ethnic background. Do you think that helps sort of uncover these biases that you don’t know you have? 

John Dovidio: Yeah, one of the problems with aversive racism that I mentioned before is that you actually avoid the group and you avoid the group because they make you uncomfortable and you can, therefore, maintain the stereotypes of the group. If you have a lot of interaction with members of the group, then you no longer think about people as being a member of that group, primarily. You think about them as individuals. And so, you haven’t really gotten rid of the implicit bias, but you’ve been able to fine tune the way you interact with many people. You just dial up a broader array of repertoire of being able to interact with people and understand them. 


Audrey Hamilton: How do they go about eliminating those biases – or is that even possible? 

John Dovidio: I’m not a big fan of trying to eliminate biases. Biases that are 50 years in the making you don’t unmake in a very short period of time. But one example – I do some work with police forces indirectly through an organization I’m part of. But, one of the things that they said was police officers today aren’t like the image we had of police officers in the past walking the beat. Police officers today are in a car that has so much electronics, that they don’t have to get out of their cars. Someone even told me – I don’t even know whether this is actually true, but I bet it is – that there’s more electronics, high-powered electronics in the average police car today than there was in our first space [ships]. So what that means is the police officers are in the car and don’t interact with the community and the community sees the police officers as distant and powerful over them. And you can’t be an effective police officer unless you have the trust and cooperation of the community. So what they’ve tried to do now, and we’ve recommended this in several places, was to get the police officer out of the car, just as you said before, to meet people as individuals. To be able to distinguish one from another and therefore not overreact. 



Questions à me poser


Comment est-ce qu'on peut s'adresser à la tension culturelle en employant l'espace public?

Comment est-ce qu'on peut ammener l'echange/le dialogue dans l'espace public?

Comment amener le paix à travers le dialogue?



Comment faire parler les gens?

Comment adresser la tension culturelle à travers des villes et des pays?

Est-ce que c'est une question de "créer des nouvelles perspectives" ou de "defaire les perspectives déjà existantes"?

Comment inspirer une dialogue réel?

Comment engager les gens sans les déranger autant qu'ils quittent le projet? (éviter le blâme)


-> C'est defaire le racisme et les préjugés racials
-> Le racisme/les préjugés racials existent dans toutes les villes
-> Les préjugés racials causent la tension culturelle
-> Les préjugés racials sont appris et peuvent être defaits (la prémière étape c'est de s'en rendre compte)


Nouvelle problématique : Comment humanizer les minorités en utilisant l'espace public à Paris?




Exemple: TED talks

Comment combattres les préjugés? Montrer les preuves de la contraire, aller vers les gens qui sont differents.
"Biases are the stories we make up about people before we know who they actually are."


Il faut utiliser la media sociale dans une façon responsable.


Comment combattre les préjugés? Donner la parole aux personnes qui sont pas comme vous.


Notre identité n'est pas définie par le concept d'un pays mais par votre collection d'experiences. 


Combattre les préjugés à travers des images qui montrent la contraire.




A personal exercise to question our codes of "skin color" : black, white, red, yellow. Skin color taken from 11 px block from nose then used to fill backgorund. Crresponding commercial pantone color chosen for name. Fosters popular debate and creates feeling of community.


La science de la couleur de peaux. La couleur de peaux c'est un produit de l'évolution humaine.



La tension culturelle aux grandes villes



silver-segregation-lincoln-dot silver-feature-segregation-city silver-segregation-scatter


« The larger issue is this: Americans have to honestly come to grips with the racial tension, white attitudes toward black and brown people. If that doesn’t happen, the nation is doomed to see a repeat of these cycles of unarmed people of color being killed and outraged citizens taking to the street because there seems to be no other way to make the powerful listen.

“Until we deal with the way in which white supremacy, racism, and implicit bias frames the way in which we look at the world around us, we’re going to continue replicating this problem again and again and again,” Cook concludes. »


L'échange culturel


« La France a une longue tradition d’ouverture et d’accueil des cultures du monde entier. 
Le MCC consacre d’importants moyens à la diffusion des cultures étrangères en France.
Elle est le pays au monde qui compte le plus de centres culturels étrangers, dont la plupart est regroupée à Paris, au sein du Forum des instituts et centres culturels étrangers (FICEP), que soutien le MCC. »

La tension culturelle en France (migrants)



« Aider le migrant au travers de dispositifs sociaux à s’intégrer dans la société d’accueil est la mission quotidienne du travailleur social. Conduit à représenter des usagers qu’il a tendance à identifier en populations distinctives, il induit un double mouvement : en se construisant une image de l’autre, il amène peu à peu celui-ci à s’identifier à ses représentations. Le cas des Asiatiques à Limoges est révélateur à la fois du rôle central des travailleurs sociaux et de la façon dont une communauté d’origine est renvoyée à une identité de destin. »


Accueil des migrants : qu’en pensent les Français ?

« Seuls 52% des interviewés souhaitent que la France facilite l’intégration des migrants (contre 45% qui y sont hostiles), des résultats qui n’ont pas évolué depuis mai 2015. On observe sans surprise sur ce sujet un véritable clivage politique : 83% des sympathisants de gauche se déclarent favorables à une intégration facilitée des réfugiés, contre 33% des sympathisants LR et 7% des sympathisants FN.

Une très large majorité de Français se dégage également pour souhaiter que l’on oblige automatiquement les migrants dont la demande d’asile a été rejetée à quitter le territoire français (77%). Ce sentiment n’a cessé de progresser depuis un an : ils étaient 70% à partager cette idée en mai 2015, 73% en novembre et 77% aujourd’hui. »


Installation interative publique

Table for Two